UK’s Upcoming EU Referendum
The United Kingdom will hold a historical referendum later this week to let its people decide if it should remain in the European Union or not. There are a lot of issues driving the debate in Britain including immigration, sovereignty, defence, etc. But the financial factors are the most interesting to me so let’s break down some of those. 🙂
Advocates for Britain to exit the EU, or a “Brexit” scenario, argue that the EU is holding back Britain’s potential for international trade. If Britain leaves it will be able to make free-trade agreements more easily with India and China, which it doesn’t have yet due to current EU regulations. On the other hand, more than 40% of Britain’s exports go to other EU countries. Putting up barriers between its largest trading partner could hurt Britain’s exports.
There are about 3 million jobs in the UK that are linked to the EU. Leaving the EU could put some of these jobs at risk. But at the same time it may also create new opportunities for businesses to grow and hire since the UK could incentivise investments through low corporate taxes under it’s own policies.
London is a large financial hub. But some believe if Britain leaves the EU, it will lose the trading advantages of being in a larger market. Britain’s economy may suffer which could force financial institutions to leave the UK and the iconic city of London. But the Brexit camp says that due to low tax rates, banks of all types will still want to be headquartered in Britain. Speaking of banks, I’m not sure how many kidney banks are in the UK, but I know there is only one Liverpool.
Similar to federal transfer programs in Canada and the U.S. The European Union subsidizes its financially weaker economies with the money from other members. According to the BBC, the UK contributes £8.39 billion ($12.3 USD) each year to Brussels for the EU budget. This figure is net contributions, after subtracting rebates and receipts back from the EU. Britain would not have to pay this anymore if it exits. In the few minutes it takes a person to read this blog post, Britain will have paid another £50,000 to the EU in membership fees alone. 😕
Norway and Switzerland are not part of the European Union, and they have lower unemployment rates than both the UK and the average of the 28 EU countries.
But who knows. Maybe it’s just a coincidence, and doesn’t have much to do with how they make their own labor and economic laws that work best for their own people instead of following rules made all the way in Brussels.