A series of stress tests can help you sleep at night worry free 🙂 A stress test is designed to determine if you have the ability to deal with a financial crisis if things go pear-shaped. It makes the impact of unlikely, but plausible events measurable and transparent, so you can see exactly if you should be worried or not about your financial situation.
A stress test is like an alternative solution to an emergency fund, but there are some differences.
Emergency funds are great, but they lack tangibility. The popular rule of thumb is for people to have enough cash in their emergency funds to “cover six months’ worth of essential expenses,” writes personal finance guru Gail Vaz-Oxlade on her blog. I’ve heard other professionals say this as well. It’s good advice, and these knowledgeable gurus are not wrong. But six months is quite an arbitrary time period 😐 Why not four months or nine months? An emergency fund is a good start to financial security, but perhaps it’s not quite enough to give you the complete peace of mind that you deserve. This is where stress testing your finances can come in handy.
A stress test will categorize all your risks, quantify them, and tell you exactly how much money you should keep on hand, and more importantly, why. It removes all traces of uncertainty and doubt from an objective point of view and offers you a strong sense of financial stability 😀 It’s also flexible and is accommodating based on your changing financial needs. For example if you renovate your kitchen a stress test can help you determine a budget and solutions in case of complications or unexpected overhead costs. A stress test will also show you warnings in the changing economy, like potentially rising mortgage rates, so you can prepare for it.
Having $15,000 or 6 months worth of expenses in an emergency fund doesn’t tell you why that amount is important, or exactly how that money would be used in a real life situation. You can’t do anything with an emergency fund except wait for an emergency to happen. But a stress test allows you to be proactive instead of reactive. If you have proper auto insurance and know that the most expensive out of pocket cost is $2,000 to fix your car in the unfortunate event that it gets damaged, then a stress test will help you maintain at least $2,000 of cash or available credit at all times, so you don’t have to constantly worry about it 😉
But it’s not about one or the other. A stress test can be used as an emergency fund, or you can incorporate an emergency fund inside a stress test 🙂
Below are six stress tests that I have made for myself. You can use them as reference/template to create your own. Because stress tests are so granular and custom in nature, everyone’s will be different.
Each stress test example below has two parts: A brief description of my current situation and how I plan to deal with potential risk in the future, and a color coded band of possible outcomes. Green values along each band means I feel relatively safe and I’m in no risk of facing a financial difficulty any time soon. Yellow and orange mean I should take steps to reduce risk. And red means I’m in deep doodoo.
If money stresses you out then consider creating a stress test for yourself with these similar parameters 🙂 It can help you isolate the problems and determine which parts of your finances are most at risk.
I have created a dedicated stress test page for regular, future updates.
If you are worried about your debts, investments, emergency fund, budgets, or anything else financial related then consider making a stress test spreadsheet to track your financial health. If outcomes are in the green then relax and enjoy a beer 🙂 But if a scenario starts to move towards a more risky outcome then that’s a signal to pay attention.
Stress tests can give us a relatable sense to the usage of our money, and a better understanding of our exposure to not only cash and liquidity risk, but all other probable financial risks as well. This builds confidence in our ability to manage our own money. Even with a fully funded, maxed-out emergency fund, we still may question whether or not our rainy day fund is really big enough 😕 But if we fully stress test our finances we can be sure we’re well prepared for anything 🙂
Many people deal with regular financial stress in their lives. But it doesn’t have to be that way. By monitoring stress tests we can catch potential risks before they manifest into real problems Where on the band should the outcomes be green and safe, and where it should start to feel risky will depend on your age, financial goals, and appetite for risk. Managing your own money doesn’t have to be hard or complicated if you have proper tools and goals 😀
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